noun – the smallest, most basic unit of a living organism able to make a copy of itself
We have trillions of cells in our bodies.
verb — to split something into two or more parts
One “parent” cell divides into two independent “daughter” cells.
verb — to increase the amount, degree or number of something; to breed or generate
Yeast cells multiply every three hours or so.
noun – an organism like yeast, mold, or mushrooms that gets its nutrition from an outside source
A fungus is not an animal or plant; fungi are a kingdom onto themselves.
noun – a single, separate person or thing
Individual cells cannot survive on their own, except for unicellular organisms.
noun – making a copy of something; making another generation of individuals
Reproduction creates the next generations of a population.
adjective — apart from others; not attached to or connected to
Yeast cells can survive in separate containers.
adjective — quickly growing; having a rapid rate of change
A line graph of exponential growth makes the shape of a hockey stick.
adjective — so tiny it can only be seen with great magnification, as with a microscope
I never saw a microscopic creature before we used a microscope in science class.
noun – the core of some cells, containing genetic material and surrounded by a membrane
An atom has a nucleus, and so does a cell. It's a word that means the core.
noun – a source of building materials and energy, like food
A plant that does not get all the nutrients it needs will die.
noun – an energy source that feeds a living thing
Sugars are a basic fuel for many cells.
noun – a series of events producing a result
Photosynthesis is a process in which plants convert light energy into chemical energy.
noun – substances and materials
Matter makes up everything in the universe.